recent papers in journal register journal

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Understanding Culture: A Literature Review Comparing Three Cultural Pedagogies
2017
Culture is an integral part of language study, but the field has yet to put forward a coherent theoretical argument for how culture can or should be incorporated in language education.  In an effort to remedy this situation, this paper reviews literature on the teaching of culture, drawing on Larzen’s (2005) identification of three pedagogies used to teach about culture within the language classroom:  through a pedagogy of information, a pedagogy of preparation, and a pedagogy of encounter.  The pedagogy of information takes a cognitive orientation, framing culture as factual knowledge, with a focus on the teacher as the transmitter of knowledge.  The pedagogy of preparation portrays culture as skills, and aims to help students develop the sociocultural, pragmatic, and strategic competence necessary for interactions with native speakers.  The pedagogy of encounter takes an intercultural approach, with an affective orientation, and aims to help students develop tolerance, empathy, and an awareness of their own and others’ perspectives, and the emergent nature of culture. Using these three pedagogies as a conceptual framework, this paper reviews scholarship in support and critique of each type of cultural teaching.  Because each of these three pedagogies continues to be used in various contexts worldwide, a clear understanding of the beliefs systems underpinning the belief systems of teachers and learners is essential. Keywords :  Culture; Language Teaching; Methodologies. INDONESIAN ABSTRACT Budaya merupakan bagian integral dari studi bahasa, namun khalayak belum mengemukakan argumen teoritis yang koheren untuk bagaimana budaya dapat atau harus digabungkan dalam pendidikan bahasa. Dalam upaya memperbaiki situasi ini, makalah ini mengulas literatur tentang ajaran budaya, dengan mengacu pada identifikasi tiga pedagogi Larzen (2005) yang digunakan untuk mengajarkan tentang budaya di dalam kelas bahasa: melalui pedagogi informasi, pedagogi persiapan, dan pedagogi perjumpaan Pedagogi informasi mengambil orientasi kognitif, membingkai budaya sebagai pengetahuan faktual, dengan fokus pada guru sebagai pemancar pengetahuan. Pedagogi persiapan menggambarkan budaya sebagai keterampilan, dan bertujuan untuk membantu siswa mengembangkan kompetensi sosiokultural, pragmatis, dan strategis yang diperlukan untuk interaksi dengan penutur asli. Pedagogi pertemuan mengambil pendekatan antar budaya, dengan orientasi afektif, dan bertujuan untuk membantu siswa mengembangkan toleransi, empati, dan kesadaran akan perspektif mereka sendiri dan orang lain, dan sifat budaya yang muncul. Dengan menggunakan ketiga pedagogi ini sebagai kerangka konseptual, makalah ini mengulas pustaka untuk mendukung dan mengkritik setiap jenis pengajaran budaya. Karena masing-masing dari ketiga pedagogi ini terus digunakan dalam berbagai konteks di seluruh dunia, pemahaman yang jelas tentang sistem kepercayaan yang mendasari sistem kepercayaan guru dan pelajar sangat penting. Kata kunci : Budaya; Pengajaran Bahasa; Metodologi.

A Translation Study on Responding of Requesting Speech Act in The Novel The Heroes of Olympus Series

2017
This research discusses about the types of responding of requesting speech act used in the novel the Heroes of Olympus Series, describes the translation techniques usage and assess the translation quality in terms of acceptability. This research can be classified as a descriptive qualitative research which focuses on a single case. The source data of this research are the documents and persons, i.e. the novel The Heroes of Olympus series and those called raters who have competencies in assessing translation quality. The methods to collect and analyze the data of responding of requesting speech act were applied content analysis and Forum Group Discussion. The result of this research shows the discovery of 11 types of responding of requesting speech act such as agreeing, commenting, informing, explaining, committing, etc. Based on the techniques that are proposed by Molina Albir (2002), there are 17 translation techniques found in this research, which is, from the analysis of 89 data of responding of requesting speech act in source text and target text, found 564 times the use of its translation techniques. And, in general, the resulting of translation quality in the form of acceptability assessment in this study tends to be good because the average is 2.86, with the majority of applying Establish equivalent technique that gives a positive impact on the translation quality.

Hoax News: Promoting the Students’ Critical Thinking in Critical Reading Class

2017
Critical thinking is vital for graduates in facing the dynamic life in order to strengthen their analysis ability and providing alternative solution towards the current problem. It is essential that units, courses, and material teach the critical thinking process have to provide an opportunity for students to excoriate certain problem and present the harmonious flow of thinking. Hoax news, the trending issue in a society as the reading material s, ha s abundance aspect to be criticized by students. Moreover, it has its own authenticity to be brought into a critical reading class as authentic materials which was not broadly discussed yet. This study aimed at paving the ways to improve the students’ critical thinking skills through reading hoax news. It is conducted to investigate the usage of hoax news in teaching critical reading for undergraduate students as well as particularize how far hoax news can enhance studenst’ critical thinking. This study employed classroom action research design. The subject of the study was the 31 students joining the critical reading class. The data were gotten from observation, document analysis and test. The essay test was the instrument used to assess the students’ critical thinking which later adopted the model of the Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric (HCTSR). The result of the study showed that using of hoax news significantly improve the students’ critical thinking followed by the development of interpretation, analysis and identification ability. The number students posed strong thinking increased from 6.45% to 72,2%. Using critical thinking can promote students’ high order thinking since it drives students to consider the fact and fake which demanding the high analysis and deep interpretation toward the presented text.  Keywords : Critical thinking, hoax news, teaching materials. INDONESIAN ABSTRACT Berpikir kritis merupakan hal yang penting dalam mengahadapi hidup yang dinamis untuk memperkuat kemampuan analisis serta memberikan alternatif solusi dalam memecahkan masalah yang dihadapi saat ini. Sangatlah penting dalam setiap unit pembelajaran, perkuliahan dan materi mengajarkan proses  berpikir kritis untuk menyiapkan siswa dalam menghadapi berbagai masalah dan merepresentasikan pemikiran secara runtut. Hoax News (Berita Hoax), permasalahan aktual di masyarakat, sebagai bahan bacaan menyuguhkan berbagai aspek untuk siswa kritisi. Terlebih, berita hoak mempunyai nilai autentik untuk dapat digunakan di kelas critical reading sebagai materi otentik yang belum banyak dibahas . Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan cara meningkatkan berpikir kritis siswa dengan menggunakan hoax news sebagai bahan bacaan. Selain itu, penelitian ini berupaya mengungkap penggunaan berita hoak dalam mengajarkan kritikal reading bagi siswa serta mengetahui seberapa jauh berita hoal dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian tindakan kelas. Data diperoleh dari observasi, analisis dokumen dan tes. Tes berbentuk uraian (essay) merupakan instrumen penelitian yang digunakan untuk mengukur tingkat berpikir kritis siswa yang mana rubric penilaian model Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric (HCTSR) diadopsi untuk keperluan ini. Pengamatan juga dilakukan untuk mendukung perolehan data dalam penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan hoax news secara signifikan dapat meningkatkan tingkat berpikir kritis siswa yang diikuti dengan meningkatnya kemampuan interpretasi, analisis dan identifikasi. Jumlah siswa yang memiliki kemampuan berpikir kritis yang kuat meningkat dari 6.45% menjadi 72,2%. Menggunakan berita hoak dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis karena materi ini memacu siswa untuk berpikir kritis dan melakukan analisa mendalam pada teks yang disajikan. Kata kunci: berfikir kritis, berita Hoax, materi mengajar

Developing Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) : Need Analysis of Teaching Materials for Madrasah English Teachers

2017
The purposes of this study are (1) to recognize the textbooks or other teaching materials used by the Madrasah English teachers, (2) to identify their obstacles in preparing the teaching materials, (3) to analyze the teaching materials which can be developed in MOOC, (4) to analyze the teaching materials for MOOC which are related to the Indonesian curriculum, (5) to analyze their willingness of proffesional teaching development by joining MOOC. This study used a descriptive qualitative approach. Moreover, the subjects of the study were 3 English teachers of MTs Negeri Salatiga and 5 English teachers of MAN Salatiga. Observation, interview and documentation were used as the techniques of data collection. The results showed that (1) they used the textbooks from Ministry of Education (MOE), selected main handbooks, supplemenatary teaching materials from certain websites, (2) communicative competence as the main issue of content of textbook from MOE gave different challanges for them to prepare the teaching materials, (3) authentic materials were highly needed to be developed in MOOC, (4) characters building based-teaching materials needed to be developed too as those are the uniqueness of the Indonesian curriculum, (5) they had less interest to join MOOC as their way to develop their proffesional teaching development. Keywords: MOOC, English teaching materials, authentic materials, characters building

Student’s learning: Instrumentally, Integratively or Personally Motivated?

2017
The study focuses on learners’ motivation to learn English as L2/foreign language. For data collection, questionnaire was distributed to 82 respondents of STIBA IEC Jakarta via whatsApp and face book messenger. In addition, interviews were also conducted to find out the detail information about the role of teacher and inspirational/motivational teacher. For data analysis, the step of sorting, classifying, coding, and presenting the data and drawing conclusion was adopted.  This is a research based article, which has aimed to elaborate the learners’ English learning motivation whether it is instrumentally, integratively or personally motivated and the most dominance type of motivation as well as the important role of teacher in motivating students. It is somewhat surprising that there are six categories found in the research, namely personal motivation (PS), integrative motivation (IT), instrumental motivation (IS), the combination of PS & IT, PS & IS, and IT & IS. The findings have revealed that 1) instrumental motivation is the most dominant type as the first rank, which includes to get a better living, better jobs and position; PS & IS as second rank, IT & IS as the third rank, PS & IT as the fourth rank, personal motivation as the fifth rank and integrative motivation as the last rank; 2) teacher who is resourceful, skillful, competent and has good personality plays a imperative role in motivating and inspiring students. To sum up, regardless of personal, integrative or instrumental motivation, teacher as a role model also determines learner’s success in learning L2.        Keywords : motivation, L2/foreign language learning, instrumental, integrative, personal motivation   INDONESIAN ABSTRACT Fokus kajian ini adalah motivasi peserta didik untuk mempelajari bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa kedua atau bahasa asing. Untuk mengumpulkan data, daftar pertanyaan dibagikan kepada 82 responden STIBA IEC Jakarta pada semester terakhir melalui WhatsApp dan face book messenger. Selain itu, wawancara juga dilakukan untuk mengetahui informasi secara detail, terutama tentang peran guru dan guru yang inspirasional / motivasional. Untuk analisis data, tahap pemilahan, klasifikasi, pengkodean, dan penyajian data serta kesimpulan diadopsi. Ini adalah artikel berbasis penelitian, yang bertujuan untuk menguraikan motivasi belajar bahasa Inggris peserta didik baik secara instrumental, integratif atau motivasi pribadi dan jenis motivasi yang paling dominan serta peran penting guru dalam memotivasi siswa. Agak mengejutkan bahwa ada enam kategori yang ditemukan dalam penelitian ini yang berbeda dengan penemuan lainnya, yaitu motivasi personal (PS), motivasi integratif (IT), motivasi instrumental (IS), kombinasi PS & IT, PS & IS, dan IT & IS. Temuan tersebut telah mengungkapkan bahwa 1) motivasi instrumental adalah jenis yang paling mendominasi sebagai peringkat pertama, yang mencakup alasan mendapatkan kehidupan, pekerjaan dan jabatan yang lebih baik; PS & IS sebagai peringkat kedua, IT & IS sebagai peringkat ketiga, PS & IT sebagai peringkat keempat, motivasi pribadi sebagai peringkat kelima dan motivasi integratif sebagai rangking terakhir; 2) Guru yang cakap, terampil, kompeten dan memiliki kepribadian yang baik memainkan peran penting dalam memotivasi siswa. Singkatnya, terlepas dari motivasi pribadi, integratif atau instrumental, guru sebagai panutan juga menentukan keberhasilan peserta didik dalam belajar L2. Kata kunci: motivasi, pembelajaran bahasa kedua/bahasa asing, motivasi instrumental, integratif dan personal.

Psychological Problems and Challenge In EFL Speaking Classroom

2017
Psychological aspect regarding to learning attitudes plays in determining learning achievement. Psychological problems also involve not only to the students but also teacher. Less-confidence, speech anxiety, and low self-esteem are almost common problem in classroom, and occur on both teachers and students. Students who have low of self-confidence are often hardly able to control themselves for public speaking in the classroom, like, Governing his/ her behavior on that his/her peers think, lose belief on self, thinking that his/her friends dis-appraising, afraid of getting mistakes, etc. However, teachers which are low self-esteem and confidence also lose their performance and ability to manage their classroom optimally. Low self-esteem may caused by teacher’s poor understanding on subject matter. Both of psychological problems impact on dis-effectiveness of classroom activities. This paper takes accounts of some psychological problems of students and teachers in English speaking classroom, and some guidelines to overcome. At the last discus, this paper also provides some keys of how to make good classroom atmosphere.

Authentic Material and Automaticity for Teaching English

2017
This article discusses how to make students of Science Education in first year feel interesting in English lesson, understanding the text well and can communicate English fluency. It has been suggested that Authentic Material and Automaticity Theory not only creates a friendly and fun condition in teaching reading but helps students to study comprehensibly so they are able to understand the text, structure, vocabulary easily, read fluently and they also can communicate in English. The authentic material can make the teaching learning process fun and eliminate boring because the topics and materials can be found in internet so it will be more visually and  interactive . Automaticity theory can solve the problem of students who must memorize words that make them feel boring and forget the words soon. The other benefit is the students can exposure the real language being used in a real context and stimulate studens’idea, encouarage them to relate themselves with real-life experiencesThese strategies can make the students understand easily and enjoy the teaching learning process. By combining authentic material and automaticity strategies for teaching English in science education, will develop readers (students) to become fully competent and fluent.

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