Selasa, 21 Juli 2015

GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN DEALING WITH UNTRUE (IN THE PRESENT) CONDITIONAL SENTENCE MADE BY YEAR ELEVEN STUDENTS OF SMAN X

CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION


1.1 General Background
Human is social living being, who always need company in their life. It is hard to imagine that they should live alone without anyone to accompany them. They always need others in order to facilitate their efforts to provide themselves with their necessities of life. To carry out the cooperation among others, they need a means of communication, which is called ‘language’.
Hornby (1992:62) defines that language is a system of sounds and words used by humans to express their thoughts and feelings. Other definition is given by Carrol as quoted by Ramelan that language is an arbitrary system of sounds or sequences of speech sounds which is used or can be used to interpersonal communication (Ramelan, 1992:10). In other words, it can be said that language is a system of sounds used as a means to communicate human’s feelings and thoughts with others. Ramelan states that the use of language enables the members of a social group to cooperate with one another for their own benefits (Ramelan, 1992:14). Regarding the use of language, the writer can say that the role of language is veryimportant in human life as a means to communicate ideas, feelings and desires among individuals as the part of social community. The opinion is also strengthened by Nasr’s opinion that stated that language has a social function and without it society would probably not exist (Nasr, 1978:1).

That language has very important role and function in human life is absolutely reasonable, however, there is a problem since certain areas use different language from others. Each language has its own rules differs from others.
Nasr says that there are differences of part of languages. He states that language, as a system, operates in set patterns. These patterns exist on three related parts, those are phonology, vocabulary, and grammar (Nasr, 1978:2). Those three patterns are called language components. The different components of language between the target language and the mother tongue may cause problems in learning a language.
In this study, the writer takes English as the example, as it is considered as the International language that is very badly needed to communicate with other people from around the world. English is the language that is most widely spoken in the world. Considering the importance of English, the Indonesian???????????

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