Berikut ini adalah ringkasan tentang "patterns and kinds of sentence in English". I hope this can make us have a deeper understanding of basic English grammar.
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BASIC SENTENCE PATTERN IN ENGLISH
|1||(S+P)||1||a single noun as subject||Morning breaksBirds sing.
Ria gets lost.
Fay ahmed goes out.
|2||pronoun as subject||It breaks.They sing
She gets lost.
He goes out.
|3||a noun phrase as subject||The beautiful morning breaksThe colorful birds sing
These parrots talk
The participants sit down
|2||(S+P+C)||1||verb complement||Pak bejo buys flower for bu bejo|
|2||predicative complement||The girl is beautifulThe kids are sick
The boys were scared
I feel better
He becomes old.
|3||subjective complement||Soeharto is the second president of indonesia.My wife is my best lover.
Andi is the most frightening uncle.
|4||objective complement||The man names his son joko bodoI think you a robber.
We elect him as the leader.
|3||(S+P+M)||a modifier tells the time, place, or manner the action of the subject. very often, it is a prepositional phrase.a prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun.||Denny proudly watches the newborn chicks.The baby chicks are already walking.
Soon the egss will hatch.
She lives in solo.
She is here.
It is five o’clock.
|4||S+P+C+M||this pattern is the most complex one among others, because it is made up of all the elements of the sentence.||The parents gave their children food and Clothes yesterdayThere is a man in the room.
There are many students in the class
He becomes the head of the family soon.
I always enjoy going to the show
trus satu lagi kinds of sentence in english
KINDS OF SENTENCES IN ENGLISH
|NO||KINDS OF SENTENCES||DESCRIPTION||PATTERNS/FUNCTIONS||EXAMPLES|
|1||SIMPLE SENTENCE||S(SUBJECT)+V(VERB)+O(OBJECT)+A(ADVERB)+C(COMPLEMENT).In the predicate of simple sentence there is only one main verb. A simple sentence may consist of two or three words or longer than that. Beside, it may also have two subjects but one verb or one subject and two verbs. E.g a man and a woman worked in the field. A man atta ncked and robbed the rich lady.||SV||I laughed|
|SVA||He is in the class|
|SVC||He is an engineer|
|SVO||The child caught the ball|
|SVOO||People choose him president|
|SVOC||My parent make me happy|
|SVOA||I watched tv last night|
|2||COMPOUND SENTENCE||When two simple sentences are joined by a conjuction like and, but, or/nor, so , yet they are called compound sentence. therefore, these sentences have two independent/main clause.THE GIRL WENT OUT (MAIN CLAUSE) AND THE BABY CRIED (MAIN CLAUSE)
2 CLAUSESMain clause conjuction main clause
The girl went out and the baby cried
|EXPRESSING TIME:afterward, at the same time, meanwhile ,etc.||He is the rector of the university; at the same time, his wife is the dean of the department of literature|
|To express addition: in addition, equally important,moreover, furthermore||He is an intelligent student; moreover, he has the funds to finance his study abroad|
|To express result: for this/for that reason, apparently, consequently, etc.||He has a lot of program ; for this reason he can not attend his sister’s wedding party.|
|To express difference/contrast: however, in contrast, in spite of this, on the contrary, on the other hand, etc||Many people in big ciites in indonesia live in luxurious life, on the contrary, many people live in the village living in poverty.|
2 ClausesMain clause/sub clause conjuction sub clause/main clause
The machine didn’t work when I wanted to use it.
When I wanted to use it, the machine didn’t work.
|To express time: when,whenever, while, since, after, before, as, etc.||He had finished his homework before he left the house|
|To express place: where,whenever||They spread the seeds where the soil is fertile.|
|To express cause and effect:because,since||Prices increase since demand for consumer goods is high.|
|To express condition: if,whether||I will write a book if it benefits the students|
|To express contradiction: although,eventhough,etc||Although indonesisa is an agricultural country, we still have to import many farm products.|
|4||COMPOUND –COMPLEX SENTENCES||Such sentences contain two or more main clauses and one or more dependent/sub clauses.||1.While I was walking down fifth avenue, I ran into a friend whom I hadn’t seen for many years,and I stopped to have a good chat with him.2. the man stole the jewelry and he hid it in his house until he could safely get out of town.|